The immigration-level plans launched by the Canadian government focus on welcoming a huge number of immigrants in the next three years.
Canada has just launched its immigration levels plans for the years 2023-2025 through which it is aiming to welcome 465,000 new immigrants in the year 2023, a target that will increase to 485,000 by 2024 and 500,000 by 2025.
It is a country that broke its record for immigration by welcoming more than 405,000 immigrants in the year 2021 and is willing to welcome more than 432,000 immigrants in the upcoming years.
The immigration levels plan offers a pathway for the number of immigrants the country is ready to bring in every year. Canada’s immigration goals include boosting economic growth, reuniting the residents with their families, and offering asylum to the refugees that are fleeing hardships in their own country.
Express Entry And PNP Targets Are Expected To Rise:
The majority of the new permanent entrants that are immigrating to the country are coming through economic class schemes such as the ones that are under the Express Entry scheme or through PNPs.
The targets for express entry landing which include principal applicants, spouses, as well as dependents are expected to be increased as follows:
- 83,000 in the year 2023
- 110,000 in the year 2024
- 115,000 in the year 2025
The PNP is expected to remain the leading admissions program in Canada and the targets are expected to increase to:
- 106,000 in the year 2023
- 110,000 in the year 2024
- 118,000 in the year 2025
Higher PGP Admissions:
IRCC also has a requirement to reunite their families. After they have finally completed their economic class programs, family class sponsorship is the second most preferred permanent residence scheme that is implemented as per the immigration levels plan of the nation.
Under the family class immigration scheme, the applicants are offered sponsorship for permanent residence by a partner, spouse or children, as well as other family members. Canada is aiming to continue welcoming around 80,000 new immigrants every year under different schemes.
The targets for the parents and grandparent schemes are expected to increase to around 30,000 in 2023, 35,000 in 2024, and 37,000 in 2025.
Canada’s Immigration Strategy:
Canada’s current immigration plan as it is known today was developed in the 1980s. At the time of formulation, the government of the country didn’t assume forward thinking and the immigration targets were decided on a regular interval basis.
In 1984, the number of immigrants that were welcomed by the Canadian government was lesser than about 90,000. Moving forward, in the 1990s, the government of Canada realized the fact that the nation is going through a shortage of labor crisis and the targets were increased to around 200,000 new permanent citizens for the next eight years.
The liberal government that was elected by the people later had the aim to address the achievement of targets but due to an economic recession, it also began giving higher importance to welcoming more newcomers to economic class immigrants so that country’s family and humanitarian class shares could be reduced.
Canadian government welcomed more than 250,000 immigrants every year until the liberal government was elected in the year 2015. These targets were increased to 300,000 residents which was increased to 340,000 immigrants right before the appearance of Covid in the year 2020.
The borders and other traveling restrictions that were implemented in the year 2020 made it highly complicated for the IRCC to execute the applications. Despite this fact, Canada exceeded its 2021 immigration targets and broke its own record for the most permanent residents that arrived in the country each year which was around 400,000. These targets were achieved through large allocations of special designated positions through the Experience Class and Provincial Nomination Programs (PNPs).
Canada is currently going through an amazing time where it is required to address the labor shortage which is nearly one million jobs. This is ultimately becoming the driving factor of the country’s increasing immigration targets.
Labor shortages are further influenced due to low birth rate in the country which stands at 1.4 children per woman and is one of the lowest around the world. Due to the low population growth, soon immigration would be the only way that Canada’s population and their labor force would grow.
Newcomers are also required to maintain a strong tax record which is the key factor in the country’s efforts to offer the required services such as education and healthcare.
Canada is a nation that has one of the oldest populations. About nine million people or around a quarter of the country’s population would reach the age of retirement by the year 2030 which will create a huge shortage of workers throughout the nation.
The government should be launching their immigration levels plan each year by the date November 1 as per their Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), which is the country’s primary law of immigration. However, the immigration levels act of 2022-2024 was announced in the year 2022.
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